There were no long-haired cats in Europe before 1500. The Persian is descended from the Angora, but it is considered a modern breed since selective breeding began only in 1871.The first Persian was taken to Italy by the explorer Pietro della Valle, who was very fond of this long-haired cat.
A century later the breed was taken to France and England, where it was refined by cross-breeding with the Angora, giving it a silkier coat and more variety in colors. In Britain and Europe the Persian is simply known as the Longhair.Each color is considered a separate breed, but in America they are all known as Persians.
Body Structure: The body of the Persian can be from 16-20 inches long, preferably on the long side.The tail should measure from 10-12 inches.All Persians must have a massive body with a strong, muscular build. The legs should be short and muscular, with large feet.
Eyes: The eyes are ample, round, shining and expressive.They should be well-defined in color, harmonizing with the dominant color of the coat.
Coat: The coat is abundant, thick and loose-fitting on the body. It should be denser on the neck and shoulders, where it forms a lionlike mane.
Color:Persians are separated into three divisions of colors: solid colors:black, white, blue, cream, reddish, with orange eyes; more than one color:with eye color varying with coat color; chinchilla; white ground with black flecks on the back, tail and head; black smoke; black-yellow and
black-yellow-white; various colors and patterns: from gray to brown, from blue to orange; tiger; and marbled.
The Persian is very calm and has a very strong desire for affection. It is very likable, sweet and gay. It has a very aristocratic bearing and rarely shows its claws.