The Dachshund was first developed in Germany several hundred years ago. The Dachshund and the Basset Hound probably had common ancestors. The name Dachshund comes from the word “hund,” meaning dog, and the word “dach,” for the badger they were originally bred to hunt. This low to the ground little dog is unusually strong and very courageous for its size.
They are known for tackling game much larger than themselves. Larger dogs, those that weighed 35 lbs. or more, were used to trail deer and foxes, and the smaller dogs were used to pursue stoats and ferrets. In the early 20th century, the miniature of the breed was introduced to hunt rabbits.
In The United States, where the breed is used primarily as a family companion or used for show, their chests generally reach nearly to the ground. In Germany, France, Belgium and other European countries, the breed is still used for hunting and is better built for such.
Size:2 sizes: standard (9 inches) and miniature (under 5 inches)
Weight:2 sizes: standard (10-20 lbs.) and miniature (under 10 lbs.)
Color:Various colors; solid red, which covers various shades of tan to yellow; black, chocolate, gray or white, each with tan markings; or dappled gray or brown with dark patches.
Eyes:Reddish brown to brownish black.
Ears:Long, rounded ears.
Body Structure: Light, short legged, long bodied, deep chested and compact.A muscular body and long ears set near the top of his head. Two different sizes: standard and miniature.
Hair Coat:More coat types than any other breed: smooth, longhaired or wirehaired.
Possible Health Problems:Some dogs may develop intervertebral disk disease, diabetes. Urinary stones, pattern baldness, adrenal gland problems and acanthosis nigricans are all possible.
The Dachshund is a fun loving, often comical little dog. It enjoys play and is a loyal friend and companion.There is very little grooming with any of the coated varieties, and it is a good apartment pet.
The Dachshund needs to be purchased from a reputable breeder; because of their body structure, they are prone to problems if not bred properly.