The Fox Terrier is an ancient breed of English origin, bred to harass foxes out of hiding places for the hunter. It is probable that the Smooth variety and the Wire variety came from different sources. The Smooth came before the Wire by about twenty years. The Wire is thought to have come from the rough-coated black and tan working terrier of Wales, Derbyshire and Durham,while the Smooth’s ancestors were probably the smooth-coated black and tan,Bull terrier, Greyhound and the Beagle.
When the Wire did come along, it needed the help of the cleaner-cut Smooth, and for a time and the two were interbred. The two varieties of the breed are now identical except for their coat. The original breed standard drawn in 1876 in England has remained substantially the same, except that the weight has changed. The American Fox Terrier Club adopted the English version of the standard in 1885 and has also changed it only according to weight. Because of the breed’s great style and showmanship, it is known as the “chorus girl of the dog world.”
Size:Height 15 inches
Weight: 17 lbs.
Color:Predominantly white with black and/or tan.
Eyes:Eyes and rims should be dark in color, moderately small and rather deep-set and circular in shape. Their expression should be full of fire, life and intelligence.
Body Structure: Deep, but not at all broad chested; ribs well-sprung, and back straight or with slight curve. The skull is flat and moderately narrow.The ears are V-shaped and small, of moderate hickness and drooping forward close to the cheek.
Hair Coat: In the Smooth coat, the hair is smooth, flat but hard, dense and abundant. In the Wire coat, the hair has a hard and wiry texture.
Possible Health Problems: Generally healthy breed, but some dogs may develop allergic skin disorders, gait ataxia, congenital heart disease and swallowing disorders. Deafness, lens luxation, glaucoma or dislocated shoulders may occur in some cases.
The Fox Terrier is best appreciated by active people. It needs much exercise and attention. It is a great little dog for children because it likes to play continuously. Little grooming is necessary with the Smooth Fox Terrier.
The Fox Terrier is a very excitable breed. It is known to bark a lot.Without proper training, it may assert dominance over its owner and may be aggressive toward other dogs. Because of its need for activity, it may be destructive if not kept under control, but it does respond well to a firm hand. The Wire Fox Terrier does require grooming.