The Golden Retriever was developed during the early 19th century when game hunting became popular in England and Scotland. A breed was needed to pursue game birds, both on land and water. This demand created a specialized sporting dog that could retrieve game from icy waters.
Setters and Water Spaniels were crossed with the St. John’s Newfoundland to create the Golden, Curly-Coated, Flat-Coated and Labrador Retrievers. The Wavy-Coated Retriever resulted from the successful crossing of the Gordon Setter and the St. John’s Newfoundland and is one of the known forbearers of the Golden Retriever.
Lord Tweedmouth was the first to develop the Golden as the breed we know it today. Careful, insightful breeding has produced a gentle, sensitive, intelligent and willing companion, both in the field and the home.
Size:Height 23-24 inches (males) and 21 1/2-22 1/2 inches (females)
Weight:65-75 lbs. (males) and 55-65 lbs. (females).
Color:Various shades of gold.
Eyes:Black or dark brown eyes with dark rims; friendly and intelligent expression.
Body Structure:Solid build with short back. A broad skull with rather short ears that hang flat against the head and fall slightly below the jaw. A powerful, active dog, sound and well put together.
Possible Health Problems:A healthy breed overall. Some dogs may develop hip dysplasia, skin disorders (hot spots, allergic skin disease, bacterial skin disease). Hypothyroidism, von Willebrand’s disease and epilepsy may occur occasionally.
The Golden Retriever is equal as a guide dog, hunting dog, obedience dog and companion. It is one of the most popular family pets and gets along with other pets as well.
Because of possible health problems, conscientious breeding is a must. Weekly brushing is needed to avoid problems with shedding. Exercise is a must.