The Pomeranian was originally a 30-pound dog used for herding. The first Pomeranian was found in Pomerania on the Baltic Sea. It is a member of the Spitz family, a group of Northern sled dogs that included the Samoyed, Norwegian Elkhound, Chow Chow and other Arctic breeds.
Through careful breeding in England, the breed was reduced in size from the 30 lb. working dog to the 4-5 lb. toy dog we know today. Now the breed is strictly a companion dog and was first recognized in America in 1900.
Size:6 1/2 – 7 inches.
Weight:3-7 lbs. (4-5 lbs. for show).
Color:Orange, sable, black, tan, or any solid color with or without shading in same color.
Eyes:Dark, almond-shaped eyes.
Ears:Small, erect, not set too far apart or too low down.
Body Structure:Short back with level topline. Foxlike, wedge-shaped head with definite stop. High-set tail carried flat over back.
Hair Coat:Long, dense bushy tail, double coat; soft undercoat and harsh outer coat in which hair stands out off body; abundant feathering on backs of forelegs, on hindquarters and on tail.
Possible Health Problems: Although a fairly healthy breed, some dogs develop tooth decay, tooth loss at an early age. Some may possibly develop skin hormonal disorders, progressive retinal atrophy, tracheal collapse, low blood sugar, epilepsy, and congenital heart disease. In addition, soft spot on skull may fail to close.
The Pomeranian is a pleasant, friendly, intelligent little dog. It is active and needs to have its time occupied.
The Pomeranian can get somewhat excitable and be noisy. It is better with adults or older children. The dog does need regular brushing.