The Poodle is known by three different sizes: standard, miniature and toy.The basic standard for these three sizes is the same except for size. The Poodle is thought to come from one of the water spaniels developed in sixteenth-century Spain, where they were known as the Water Dog, the Rough-haired Water Dog and the Rough-haired Water Spaniel.
The name comes from the German word “pudelin” which means “to paddle or splash”. The Standard Poodle was the first of the the breeds to be developed, and they were used as water dogs. The French called him the Barbet from the word “barbet” (the beardlike growth on the bills of their ducks). Later a smaller Barbet, also a duck-hunting dog, was developed and named Lesser Barbet or Caniche.
The Great Barbet became the Standard Poodle, and the Lesser Barbet became the Miniature Poodle. The clip common to the Poodle was used to help his swimming abilities. Breeders in France developed the miniature breed as the companion dog we know today. The Poodle is the national dog of France; no wonder we call it the French Poodle. The Toy Poodle was the pampered pet of royalty during the 18th century in both England and France. The Toy Poodle has been known exclusively as a companion animal.
- Height Toy – 10 inches and under
- Miniature – 10-15 inches
- Standard – 24-26 inches (males) and 22-24 inches (females)
- Toy – 5-7 lbs
- Miniature – 15-16 lbs.
- Standard – 50-55 lbs.
Color:All sizes: Black, white, silver, gray, brown, cream, apricot,cafe au lait or blue.
Eyes: Oval shaped; set far apart, very dark, full of fire and intelligence.
Body Structure:Squarely built, well proportioned, short back; deep chest,broad, muscular loins; straight, parallel forelegs and muscular hind legs with well bent stifles. It has a moderately rounded head with small but definite stop and long, straight muzzle; long, wide ears that hang close to the head are thickly feathered.
Hair Coat: Top coat is very profuse and wiry in texture, composed of thick, close curls. Undercoat is wooly and warm.
Possible Health Problems: Generally healthy overall. STANDARD: May develop progressive retinal atrophy and runny eyes; hip dysplasia, cataracts, gastric bloat and epilepsy sometimes occur. TOY: May develop tear stains, ear infection; possible degeneration of retina, low blood sugar, congenital heart disease, epilepsy, slipped stifles and tracheal collapse. MINIATURE: May develop metabolic disorders, heart disease.
The Poodle is highly intelligent and responsive, loyal and gentle, easily trainable and housebroken. All sizes are good for apartment living.
The Miniature Poodle has a tendency for possible destruction unless the demand for the affection it requires is given. The Standard Poodle may need more exercise than the smaller versions. The Toy Poodle is very frail and should not be a pet for small children. Because of their popularity, they should be purchased from a reputable breeder, as they are a favorite with puppy mills.