The Rottweiler originated from a Roman dog that was used to drive cattle over the Alps while the Roman army pushed into central Europe. When the Romans moved on, some of the dogs stayed behind in the area of Rottweil in Wurttemberg, Germany. These were the foundat ion stock for the modern breed we know today.
The breed almost became extinct around the turn of the century because the driving of cattle was outlawed, and the dog wasn’t needed for this purpose any more. The rebuilding of the breed began about 1910. The Rottweiler is now known as a drover, as a guard dog and for his police work.
Size:Height 24-27 inches (males) and 22-25 inches (females)
Weight:115 lbs. (males) and 100 lbs. (females)
Color:Black with rust on cheeks, muzzle, chest, legs and over both eyes.
Eyes:Inquiring, dark brown eyes.
Ears:Ears folded at skull line.
Body Structure:Very strong, slightly longer than he is tall. Thick body with deep chest and muscular legs. A broad, well-proportioned head with moderate length of muzzle. A short, docked tail.
Hair Coat:Short undercoat; flat, coarse outercoat on neck and thighs.
Possible Health Problems:Generally a healthy breed, but some dogs develop bloat or hip dysplasia. There are possible eye problems and progressive spinal cord disorders.
The Rottweiler is highly protective of its family. It is very willing and easy to train. It needs obedience training. There is little to no grooming necessary.
The Rottweiler may be aggressive toward other dogs. It is too powerful for very small children.